THE ARGENTINE PEANUT CLUSTER.

ARGENTINE PEANUT SECTOR

Location

The Peanut Agricultural and Industrial Sector (SAM, as per the Spanish acronym) chiefly extends across the Province of Córdoba and constitutes a flagship regional economy for the Province, centered almost exclusively on exports, since 95% of production is exported (CAM statistics from 2013 data). Peanut is to the Province of Córdoba what vineyards are to Mendoza and sugar cane to Tucumán.

Companies

The SAM is made up by 25 companies, which include SMEs and cooperatives of Argentine capital and 2 foreign-capital companies that have been established in our country for many years. Four Argentine companies account for 50% of SAM exports, 9 medium-sized companies account for 39% and 11 small companies account for the remaining 11%. One company in the sector is not yet exporting and the other is fully devoted to peanut oil exports.

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Two companies of the sector are based in the Province of Salta, and the remaining 23 companies are in the Province of Córdoba. An estimated thirty locations of the interior of Province of Córdoba support their economies with the peanut agricultural industry as the sole significant source of employment, including, among others: Río Segundo, Hernando, General Deheza, General Cabrera, Charras, Las Perdices, Ticino, Pasco, La Laguna, Santa Eufemia, La Carlota, Alejandro Roca, Dalmacio Vélez, Carnerillo, Las Junturas, and 15 additional locations. The almost vital role of every company in the life of their community is also worth highlighting, since they support the operation of schools, police departments, fire department, hospitals and road-development consortia, contributing to the strong retention of young professionals in their place of origin with optimal schooling levels.

Labor and its impact on the Peanut Industry

As of 2014, the Peanut Sector accounted for close to
12,000 jobs, direct and indirect, in said locations. Hundreds of jobs depend on sectors almost exclusively devoted to peanut growing in the production and marketing sectors of pesticides, specific farming and industrial equipment and machinery manufacturing, quality control laboratories and cargo certification, quality assurance and certification services for products and processes, shipping and multimodal cargo transportation companies, engineering consultants and agricultural industry technology for peanuts, equipment and professionals for scientific and technological research, construction companies, and different communications and IT services supporting the Peanut Agricultural and Industrial Sector.

In the last five-year term, the peanut industrial sector has made strong investments in agricultural production and processing plants, which rely on state-of-the art technology and stand among the most modern worldwide. Furthermore, for years peanut processing companies have been making significant investments on the development of scientific research regarding peanut growing and industrialization.

Peanut Sector Organization

The Peanut Sector is the only one where farmers are efficiently integrated into industry and exports, making up an almost perfect chain in terms of synergy. Contrary to other agricultural and livestock sectors, peanut-growing establishments are grouped into cooperatives, which, in turn, own their industrial facilities and exports’ operations; or otherwise, hold partnership agreements with companies in the industry.

In December 2013, the Peanut Agricultural and Industrial Sector gathered in the city of Villa María to draw their Strategic Plan, which defined the new vision towards 2018. It established:

“A united and proactive Sector, consolidated on the reliable image of their added value and high-quality products, their investment in technology innovation and local, national and international recognition, consolidated on its characteristic ongoing growth, which promotes sustainable social and environmental development.”

Among the pillars underlying the Strategic Plan execution, we may highlight the following:

  • Promotion of peanut crop among growers
  • Promotion of Sustainable Agricultural, Social, Environmental and Economic Production
  • Statistical information systems in the sector
  • Market Promotion and Development
  • SUSTAINABLE TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION Program supported by the Argentine Peanut Foundation

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